The Ultimate Guide on How to Cook Pork Ribs

Pork ribs are one of the most popular cuts of meat and a beloved staple at summer barbecues, tailgates, and family gatherings. However, getting the perfect juicy, tender, and flavorful ribs can be quite challenging, especially for novice cooks. With so many different types of ribs, cooking methods, rubs, and sauces to choose from, it’s easy to get lost in the details and end up with dry, tough, or bland meat.

If you’re looking to master the art of cooking pork ribs or simply want to elevate your existing skills, then you’ve come to the right place. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know about choosing, preparing, cooking, and serving delicious pork ribs that will impress your guests and satisfy your taste buds. Whether you prefer baby back ribs, spare ribs, or St. Louis style ribs, and whether you like smoking, grilling, or oven baking, we’ve got you covered. So let’s get started and discover the secrets of making the best pork ribs ever!


Cooking pork ribs is an art form that has been perfected over generations. Whether you are a seasoned pitmaster or a beginner, this ultimate guide on how to cook pork ribs will provide you with all the information you need to create mouthwatering and succulent ribs that will have your family and friends begging for more.

In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything from choosing the right ribs to preparing them with dry rubs or marinades. We’ll also discuss different cooking methods such as smoking, grilling, and oven-baking. You’ll learn how to remove the membrane from the ribs and which spices and herbs to use to create the perfect rub. We’ll also provide tips on how long to cook the ribs and at what temperature.

In addition to providing step-by-step instructions and expert tips, we’ll share some of our favorite serving suggestions including homemade BBQ sauce, coleslaw, and cornbread. This guide is designed to be your one-stop-shop for everything you need to know about cooking pork ribs. So grab your apron and let’s get started!

Choosing the Right Ribs

Baby Back Ribs

Baby Back Ribs

When it comes to pork ribs, baby back ribs are a popular choice for many reasons. These ribs, also known as loin back ribs, come from the upper part of the pig’s ribcage near the spine. They are leaner than other types of ribs, which means they have less fat and connective tissue. As a result, they tend to be more tender and require less cooking time.

One of the main benefits of choosing baby back ribs is their leanness. With less fat and connective tissue, these ribs are a healthier option for those watching their calorie intake. They are also an excellent source of protein, vitamins, and minerals. For example, one serving of baby back ribs contains about 21 grams of protein, which is essential for building and repairing muscle tissue.

Another advantage of baby back ribs is their tenderness. Because they are leaner than other cuts, they cook faster and can be ready in as little as 2-3 hours with proper preparation. The key to achieving maximum tenderness is to remove the membrane that covers the bone side of the ribs. This membrane can be tough and chewy, so removing it allows the seasoning and smoke flavor to penetrate the meat fully.

When preparing baby back ribs, it’s crucial to use a dry rub or marinade that complements the natural flavors of the meat. A classic dry rub might include brown sugar, paprika, garlic powder, and cayenne pepper, while a marinade might feature apple cider vinegar, soy sauce, and Worcestershire sauce. Whichever method you choose, be sure to let the ribs marinate for several hours or overnight to allow the flavors to infuse.

In conclusion, baby back ribs are a delicious and nutritious option for your next barbecue or family dinner. Their leanness and tenderness make them a crowd-pleaser, and with the right seasoning and preparation, they can be a show-stopping centerpiece on your plate.

Spare Ribs

Spare Ribs

Spare ribs are a popular choice for those who love meaty and flavorful pork ribs. As the name suggests, spare ribs are the leftover ribs after the prime rib has been removed, making them less expensive than other types of ribs. They are also known for their more meaty texture and chewier consistency compared to baby back ribs.

When selecting spare ribs, look for cuts with plenty of meat on them. The bones should be straight and not too curved, as this can make it difficult to cook them evenly. Before cooking, it’s important to remove the tough membrane on the underside of the rack to prevent it from getting in the way of your seasoning and cooking methods. One easy way to do this is to use a sharp knife to lift up one end of the membrane, then grab it with a paper towel and pull it off in one piece.

When it comes to seasoning spare ribs, a dry rub is a great option as it can enhance the flavor and create a nice crust on the outside. Common ingredients used in a dry rub include brown sugar, paprika, garlic powder, and cayenne pepper. You can also use marinades to add flavor and tenderize the meat. Apple cider vinegar, soy sauce, and Worcestershire sauce are all great options for marinades.

As for cooking methods, spare ribs can be grilled, smoked, or oven-baked. Grilling spare ribs over indirect heat can help to keep the meat tender and juicy, while smoking them low and slow can infuse them with a delicious smoky flavor. Oven baking spare ribs in foil packets at a low temperature for several hours can create a deliciously tender result.

In conclusion, spare ribs are a great option for those looking to enjoy more meaty and flavorful pork ribs without breaking the bank. By choosing high-quality cuts, removing the membrane, and using the right seasoning and cooking methods, you can create a delicious and satisfying meal for yourself and your loved ones.

St. Louis Style Ribs

St. Louis Style ribs are a popular choice among pork rib lovers, and it’s not hard to see why. These ribs are cut from the spare ribs, but with the sternum bone, cartilage, and rib tips removed, resulting in a more uniform size and shape than regular spare ribs. This makes them easier to cook and serve, as they stack neatly and cook more evenly.

One of the benefits of St. Louis Style ribs is that they have less connective tissue than other cuts of pork ribs, which means they can be cooked faster. However, they still benefit from low and slow cooking techniques like smoking or oven baking to achieve that deliciously tender texture.

When preparing St. Louis Style ribs, it’s important to remove the membrane on the bone side of the rack. This will help the rub or marinade penetrate the meat better, as well as prevent the ribs from curling during cooking. Once the membrane is removed, you can apply your favorite dry rub or marinade and let the ribs sit for a few hours or overnight to absorb the flavors.

When it comes to cooking St. Louis Style ribs, there are many options to choose from. Smoking is a popular choice, as it imparts a rich smoky flavor and can be done over a long period of time at a low temperature. Grilling is another option, using indirect heat to avoid burning the meat. Oven baking is also a great way to cook St. Louis Style ribs, especially if you don’t have access to a smoker or grill.

In conclusion, St. Louis Style ribs are a delicious and convenient option for pork rib enthusiasts. By removing the excess bones and cartilage, these ribs cook more evenly and quickly than regular spare ribs. Whether you prefer to smoke, grill, or oven bake them, St. Louis Style ribs are sure to please.

Preparing the Ribs

Removing the Membrane

Removing the Membrane

Removing the membrane from pork ribs is an important step in preparing them for cooking. The membrane, which is also called the silver skin, can be tough and chewy when cooked, making the ribs less enjoyable to eat. Here’s how to remove it:

  1. Start by locating the membrane on the underside of the ribs. It can be difficult to see, but it’s usually a shiny white or silver color.

  2. Use a sharp knife to loosen one corner of the membrane. Be careful not to cut into the meat.

  3. Grab the loosened corner with a paper towel for better grip.

  4. Slowly and gently pull the membrane away from the ribs, using the paper towel to help you grip and pull it off.

  5. If the membrane breaks, use the knife to loosen another corner and try again.

Once the membrane has been removed, you’ll have ribs that are easier to eat and more enjoyable to taste. Don’t skip this crucial step in preparing your pork ribs!

Pro tip: If you’re having trouble removing the membrane, try using a butter knife to get under the edge and loosen it up. Also, make sure your knife is sharp to avoid damaging the meat.

Dry Rubs

Dry Rubs

Dry rubs are a simple yet effective way to add flavor and texture to pork ribs before cooking. With the right combination of spices, you can create a savory crust that complements the tender meat.

One of the most common ingredients in dry rubs is brown sugar, which adds sweetness and helps to caramelize the surface of the ribs. Paprika is another popular choice, providing a mild smoky flavor and vibrant color. Garlic powder is often added for its pungent aroma and taste, while cayenne pepper provides a subtle heat that builds over time.

When making your own dry rub, it’s important to balance the flavors and adjust the seasoning to your personal taste. Some recipes may call for additional spices such as chili powder, cumin, or mustard powder to add complexity to the flavor profile.

To apply the dry rub, simply pat the ribs dry with paper towels and generously sprinkle the mixture over both sides, pressing it into the meat with your hands. For best results, let the ribs sit with the dry rub on for at least an hour, or overnight in the refrigerator to allow the flavors to penetrate the meat.

In addition to enhancing the flavor of pork ribs, dry rubs also help to create a crispy exterior that adds texture to each bite. Whether you’re grilling, smoking, or oven baking your ribs, a good dry rub is an essential component for achieving delicious and satisfying results.


Marinades are a great way to add flavor and moisture to your pork ribs. By soaking the meat in a mixture of ingredients, you can create a depth of flavor that is hard to achieve with just dry rubs alone. In this section, we will discuss some of the best marinades for pork ribs and how to use them.

One of the most popular ingredients in pork rib marinades is apple cider vinegar. This versatile ingredient not only adds a tangy flavor but also helps tenderize the meat. When mixed with soy sauce, it can create a savory-sweet marinade that is perfect for baby back ribs. For a more complex flavor profile, try adding Worcestershire sauce to the mix. The umami-rich sauce adds depth and complexity to the marinade, creating a well-rounded flavor.

When preparing your marinade, it’s important to let the ribs soak for at least 2 hours, or preferably overnight. This allows the flavors to permeate the meat, resulting in a more flavorful and tender rib. Additionally, be sure to place the ribs in a sealed container or plastic bag to prevent the marinade from spilling out.

Before cooking the ribs, remove them from the marinade and pat them dry with paper towels. This ensures that the meat will develop a nice crust when cooked. You can also brush the ribs with additional marinade during the cooking process to impart even more flavor.

In conclusion, marinades are an easy and delicious way to elevate your pork ribs to the next level. By using ingredients such as apple cider vinegar, soy sauce, and Worcestershire sauce, you can create a variety of flavorful marinades that will impress your guests. Remember to let the meat soak for at least 2 hours and pat it dry before cooking for the best results.

Cooking the Ribs



Smoking is a cooking method that involves exposing the meat to smoke from smoldering wood chips over a long period of time. It imparts a rich, smoky flavor and tenderizes the meat, making it a popular choice for cooking pork ribs.

To smoke pork ribs, you will need a smoker, which is a specialized piece of equipment designed to smoke food. There are many different types of smokers available, including electric, charcoal, and propane. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages, but all work on the same basic principle of using heat and smoke to cook the meat.

When smoking pork ribs, it’s important to use the right kind of wood chips. Different types of wood impart different flavors, so choose one that complements the flavor of the pork. Popular options include applewood, hickory, and mesquite. Soak the chips in water for at least 30 minutes before using them to ensure they smolder slowly and produce a consistent smoke.

The key to smoking pork ribs is to do it low and slow. This means maintaining a low temperature (around 225°F to 250°F) and cooking the ribs for several hours, until the meat is tender and falls off the bone. This can take anywhere from 3 to 6 hours, depending on the type and size of the ribs.

One way to ensure that the ribs stay moist and tender during the smoking process is to wrap them in foil or butcher paper halfway through cooking. This helps to lock in the moisture and prevent the meat from drying out.

Overall, smoking is a great way to cook pork ribs if you have the time and equipment. It requires patience and practice, but the end result is well worth the effort. With the right smoker, wood chips, and low and slow technique, you can create mouth-watering, fall-off-the-bone pork ribs that will impress your friends and family.


Grilling pork ribs is a popular choice for many people, especially during the summer months. There are two main types of grills that can be used: charcoal and gas. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to choose the one that works best for you.

Charcoal grills offer a classic smoky flavor that cannot be replicated with gas grills. They are also relatively inexpensive, portable, and do not require electricity or gas. However, they take longer to heat up and require more attention to maintain a consistent temperature. Indirect heat is recommended for cooking pork ribs on a charcoal grill. This means that the coals are arranged on one side of the grill and the ribs are placed on the other side, away from direct heat. The lid should be kept closed to maintain a steady temperature, and the ribs should be rotated occasionally to ensure even cooking.

Gas grills, on the other hand, provide convenience and ease of use. They heat up quickly and can be easily adjusted to maintain a consistent temperature. However, they don’t impart the same smoky flavor as charcoal grills. Indirect heat is also recommended when cooking pork ribs on a gas grill. This involves turning off the burners directly under the ribs and keeping the burners on the sides of the grill on low heat. The ribs should be placed over the turned-off burners and the lid should be kept closed.

No matter which type of grill you choose, it’s important to cook the ribs to the correct internal temperature. Pork ribs should be cooked to an internal temperature of 145°F, according to the USDA. It’s also important to let the ribs rest for a few minutes before serving to allow the juices to redistribute.

In summary, both charcoal and gas grills can be used to cook delicious pork ribs. Charcoal grills provide a smoky flavor but require more attention, while gas grills are convenient and easy to use. Indirect heat is recommended for both types of grills when cooking pork ribs, and the ribs should be cooked to an internal temperature of 145°F before serving.

Oven Baking

Oven Baking

Oven baking is a popular method for cooking pork ribs that produces tender and juicy results. This technique involves wrapping the ribs in foil packets and baking them at a low temperature for a long period of time. Here’s everything you need to know about oven baking pork ribs.

Foil Packets

Foil packets are an essential component of oven baking pork ribs. The packets help seal in the moisture and flavor, ensuring that the ribs come out tender and juicy. To make a foil packet, simply wrap the ribs tightly in aluminum foil, making sure to seal all the edges.

Low Temperature

Low temperature is key to oven baking pork ribs successfully. A temperature range between 250 and 300 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal for this method. Cooking the ribs slowly at a low temperature allows the meat to cook evenly without drying out.

Long Cook Time

Long cook time is also a crucial factor when it comes to oven baking pork ribs. Cooking the ribs for several hours at a low temperature will result in tender, fall-off-the-bone meat. Plan on baking the ribs for at least 2-3 hours, depending on their size and thickness.

Tips for Success

To ensure success when oven baking pork ribs, here are some additional tips to keep in mind:

  • Use a dry rub or marinade to add flavor to the meat before wrapping it in foil.
  • Place the foil packets on a baking sheet to catch any juices that might leak out during cooking.
  • Let the ribs rest for a few minutes after baking before unwrapping them from the foil packets.
  • Finish the ribs off on the grill or under the broiler for a crispy exterior if desired.

Oven baking is a foolproof method for cooking pork ribs that yields delicious results every time. With these tips and tricks, you’ll be able to master this technique and impress your guests with perfectly cooked ribs.

Serving the Ribs

BBQ Sauce

BBQ Sauce

BBQ sauce is an essential part of any pork ribs recipe. It adds flavor and moisture to the meat, while also complementing its natural sweetness. There are many different types of BBQ sauces, each with their own unique blend of flavors. In this section, we’ll explore some of the most popular varieties.

Sweet BBQ Sauce

Sweet BBQ sauce is the perfect accompaniment to pork ribs. It’s made with ingredients like brown sugar, molasses, and honey, which give it a rich, sweet flavor. Sweet BBQ sauce can be used on its own or combined with other flavors to create a more complex sauce. It’s especially good when paired with a dry rub that contains savory spices like garlic or paprika.

Spicy BBQ Sauce

If you like a little heat with your pork ribs, then spicy BBQ sauce is the way to go. Made with ingredients like cayenne pepper, hot sauce, and chili powder, it adds a kick to your meal. Spicy BBQ sauce can range from mildly spicy to mouth numbingly hot, depending on your preference. It pairs well with sweeter rubs or marinades, as the sweetness helps to balance out the spiciness.

Vinegar-Based BBQ Sauce

Vinegar-based BBQ sauce is a favorite in the South. It’s made with a combination of apple cider vinegar, ketchup, and spices like black pepper and red pepper flakes. The vinegar gives it a tangy flavor that complements the sweetness of the pork. Vinegar-based BBQ sauce is thinner than other varieties, so it’s better for basting or dipping rather than slathering onto the ribs.

In conclusion, BBQ sauce is an essential component of any pork ribs recipe. Whether you prefer sweet, spicy, or vinegar-based, there’s a BBQ sauce out there for everyone. Experiment with different flavors and find the one that best suits your taste.


Coleslaw is the perfect side dish to serve alongside pork ribs. This classic salad can be made in a variety of ways, but there are a few key ingredients that make it stand out.

Creamy coleslaw is often the most popular variation of this salad. The dressing typically consists of mayonnaise, sour cream, and vinegar. The combination of creamy and tangy flavors pairs perfectly with the smoky and savory taste of pork ribs.

On the other hand, vinegar-based coleslaw is a lighter and more refreshing option. The dressing typically consists of apple cider vinegar, sugar, and oil. This type of coleslaw adds a bit of acidity and sweetness to cut through the richness of the pork.

No matter which type of dressing you choose, the key to a good coleslaw is achieving the right texture. A crunchy coleslaw will add a nice contrast in texture to the tender ribs. To achieve this, use fresh cabbage and carrots and thinly slice them. You can also add other vegetables such as red onion or bell peppers for additional crunch.

In addition to being a delicious side dish, coleslaw is also easy to make ahead of time. Simply mix the dressing and vegetables together and refrigerate until ready to serve. The flavors will meld together over time, resulting in an even tastier salad.

Overall, coleslaw is a versatile and tasty side dish that complements pork ribs perfectly. Whether you prefer creamy or vinegar-based, be sure to add some crunch to achieve the perfect balance of flavors and textures.


Cornbread is the perfect accompaniment to a plate of succulent pork ribs. Whether you prefer your cornbread sweet or savory, buttery or not, there are various ways to make this classic side dish that can complement any barbecue meal.

For those who have a sweet tooth, adding honey or sugar to the batter is a great way to achieve that desired sweetness in every bite of cornbread. Meanwhile, for those who crave savory flavors, adding cheese or herbs like rosemary and thyme can make all the difference in the taste.

Buttery cornbread can be achieved by adding melted butter into the batter itself, or brushing the top with melted butter before baking. This extra touch of richness adds depth to the flavor and creates a satisfying texture.

When making cornbread, it’s important to remember that the consistency of the batter is key. It should be thick enough so that it doesn’t spread too much while baking, but not too dry or crumbly. A well-made cornbread will be moist on the inside and slightly crispy on the outside.

Lastly, when it comes to serving cornbread with pork ribs, there are several options to consider. Some prefer to cut it into squares, while others prefer to serve it in muffin tins. Adding a dollop of honey butter or drizzling with maple syrup can take it to the next level and make it even more irresistible.

In conclusion, cornbread is a versatile and delicious side dish that can elevate any barbecue meal. Whether you prefer it sweet or savory, buttery or not, there are various ways to make it that can satisfy any craving. Don’t hesitate to experiment and create your own twist on this classic favorite!
In conclusion, cooking pork ribs is an art that requires patience, skill, and attention to detail. By following the tips outlined in this guide, you can choose the right cut of meat, prepare it properly, and cook it to perfection using your preferred method. Whether you prefer to smoke, grill, or oven-bake your ribs, the key is to take your time and let the flavors develop slowly. Remember to experiment with different rubs and marinades, and don’t be afraid to try new serving suggestions such as slaws and cornbreads. We hope that this guide has inspired you to get creative in the kitchen and elevate your pork rib game. Happy cooking!

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